Monday, February 4, 2013


Passage - 3

Today's developing economic use much less energy per capita than developed countries such as the United States did at similar incomes, showing the potential for lower-carbon growth. Adaptation and mitigation need to be integrated into a climate-smart development strategy that increases resilience, reduces the threat of further global warming, and improves development outcomes. Adaptation and mitigation measures can advance development, and prosperity can raise incomes and foster better institutions. A healthier population living in better-built houses and with access to bank loans and social security is better equipped to deal with a changing climate and its consequences. Advancing robust, resilient development policies that" promote adaptation is needed today because changes, in the climate, already begun, will increase even in the short term...........

10.    Which   of   the following   conditions   of growth can add to vulnerability?
1.   When the growth occurs due to excessive exploitation of mineral resources and forests.
2.   When the growth brings about a change in humankind's creative potential.
3.   When the growth is envisaged only for providing houses and social security to the people.
4.   When the growth occurs due to emphasis on farming only.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
(a)    1 only
(b)    2, 3 and 4 only
(c)    1 and 4 only
(d)    1, 2, 3 and 4


11.    What does low-carbon growth imply in the present context?
1.    More emphasis on the use of renewable sources of energy.
2.     Less emphasis on manufacturing sector and more emphasis on agriculture sector.
3.    Switching over from monoculture practices to mixed farming.
4.  Less demand for goods and services.
Select   the   correct   answer   using the codes given below:
(a)    1 only
(b)    3 and 4 only
(c)    1 and 4 only
(d)    None of the above implies low-carbon growth


12.    Which of the following conditions is/are necessary for sustainable economic growth?
1.    Spreading of economic prosperity more.
2.     Popularising/spreading of adaptive technologies widely.
3.    Investing on research in adaptation and mitigation technologies.
Select   the   correct   answer   using the codes given below:
(a)    1 only
(b)    2 and 3 only.
(c)    1 and 3 only
(d)    1, 2 and 3


13.    Which of the following inferences can be made from the passage?    
1.    Rainfed crops should not be cultivated in irrigated areas.
2.    Farming under water-deficient areas should not be a part of development strategy.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
(a)    1 only
(b)    2 only
(c)     Both I and 2
(d)    Neither 1 nor 2


14.    Consider the following assumptions
1.    Sustainable economic growth demands the use of creative potential of man.
2.    Intensive    agriculture    can    lead    to ecological backlash.
3.    Spread   of   economic   prosperity   can adversely    affect    the    ecology    and environment.
With reference to the passage, which of the above assumptions is/are valid?
(a)    1 only
(b)    2 and 3 only
(c)    1 and 3
(d)    Only 1, 2 and 3

15.    Which one of the following statements constitutes the central theme of this passage?
(a)    Countries with greater economic prosperity are better equipped to deal with the consequences of climate change.
(b)    Adaptation and mitigation should be integrated with        development strategies, s
(c)    Rapid economic growth should not be pursued by both developed and developing economies.
(d)    Some countries resort to overexploitation of natural resources for the sake of rapid development.


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